Topic 4 DQ 1The results of standardized assessments are often reported in terms of standard deviations away from the norm, age equivalents, or grade level equivalents. Which of these manners of reporting assessment results do you think would be the most useful in terms of communicating the results to families and informing educational decisions for the child? Why?Topic 4 DQ 2Standardized assessment tools frequently require a substantial amount of sustained attention from the child being assessed. Without obtaining an appropriate amount of child attention to the assessment tasks, the assessment results could be invalid. What are some ways to increase student engagement in the assessment tasks to obtain results that are more indicative of the child’s true abilities?