essay about subject hrd and leadership

The length of the essay should not exceed 3,500 words +/-10% (excluding references)

Please answer only ONE of the following questions:

  1. It is now widely acknowledged that leadership has become an increasingly collective activity, and a dynamic interactive process of learning and influence through the building of relationships and networks. Critically evaluate this statement in the light of the changing contexts of leadership and discuss how these shifts are influencing contemporary understandings of leadership theory and practice.
  2. In a paradigm that is termed post heroic leadership, critically explain why ethics principles and CSR initiatives are reshaping contemporary development leadership practices in organizations globally. Your critique should draw on key contemporary theorists, including for example relational and ethics/CSR writers, and also provide short case examples of the leadership philosophy and development approaches of one of the following organizations: international organizations (e.g. ILO, World Bank, UN), the public sector, NGOs, private sector and MNCs. You may wish to frame your answer within a specific state/national context.
  3. Discuss critically the challenges of developing INGOs leadership capacity in the global political economy. Suggest relevant HRD initiatives that can support leadership development in the third sector. You may draw on one or several INGO/NGOs to support your arguments.
  4. The dynamics of the global political economy and the increasing interconnectedness of societies pose common problems for development leadership around the world. Explore critically the concept of ‘global’ leadership and discuss HRD strategies that could help develop the competencies necessary to be a successful ‘global’ leader in an increasingly changing and complex world.
  5. Globalisation, transformations in information technologies and the pluralization of service provision have transformed conventional thinking about public leadership. Drawing on what you have learned in this course and from your independent study, explore critically the meaning of public leadership, the challenges of public leadership and HRD capabilities needed for effective public leadership in contemporary contexts.

Generic Instructions and Notes IMPORTANT!

The subject areas and themes in the questions reflect underpinning knowledge for HRD and Leadership, including HRD strategies for development leadership, ethics/CSR, leadership in international organization, leading NGOs/INGOs, public leadership and leadership development.

In addressing any of the essay questions, you are required as detailed in the Module Guide to draw on a range of theoretical models and key academic concepts/debates relevant to human resource development and the enhancement of human capabilities in diverse geo-political contexts. It is expected that you demonstrate contemporary knowledge of the HRD and leadership field in your assignment by drawing on a wide range of academic resources, including journal articles, books, and reports published by international and regional development intuitions such as the ILO, UN, World Bank, WEF, African Development Bank, as well INGOs and State governments.

Please use contemporary academic sources, especially peer-reviewed journal articles and avoid outdated books/articles, blogs, Wikipedia and other unreliable internet sources.

Where appropriate, draw on case examples and make clear you are referring to a specific region/industrial sector as they present different HRD challenges and opportunities. You are also encouraged where appropriate, to utilize specialist Area Journals that provide detailed contextual critiques of a specific state, to enable you challenge contemporary critiques of leadership that are often premised on western knowledge and logic.

Your essay must have a clear structure and presented in a professional manner, using good standard academic English. Your work should include a title page that clearly states your student ID, the module title and code as well as the question you have answered.

You should also provide page numbers and clear sub-headings to guide your reader. All works cited must be listed in the reference section. Please do not include works that was not cited in your main text in the reference list.

There is +/-10% leeway either side of the word-count total. This total includes footnotes/endnotes but not the list of references at the end.


Assignments must be word processed: 12pt font size, with at least 1.5 line spacing in a font type which ensures readability such as Times, Times New Roman, Palatino, Garamond, Arial, Verdana, Tahoma and Trebuchet. Single spacing may be used for quotations and references.

Lecture Slides

Session 1: Overview of Leadership

Session 2: Context and Challenges for Development Leadership

Session 3: Global Leadership Competencies

Session 4: Leadership and Society

Session 5: Leadership Skills and Challenges in NGO/INGOs

Session 6: Ethics, CSR and sustainability

Session 7: Public Leadership

Session 8: Leadership development and HRD

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