Impact of Media on Public Policy Debate & Gun Legislation Policy Assignment

There are more media choices available today to ordinary citizens than ever before. In fact, in the United States and in many other nations, citizens are dramatically decreasing the amount of time spent consuming news through traditional media, such as nightly news broadcasts and daily newspapers. Instead, citizens are dramatically increasing the amount of time spent on a vast array of alternative news resources. Therefore, media outlets—whether on television, in print, or on the Internet—need to digest often-complex policy issues into small snippets that can be understood and communicated in a short amount of time.

But just how do the media focus upon a relatively limited number of policy issues for their daily reporting? How do the media prioritize what stories and issues are printed and broadcast? After reading the assigned chapters in McCombs’s book, you will recognize just how the reporting cycle occurs at major news outlets across the country. Although the diversity of media outlets is stunning, it is remarkable that there are also important similarities in how news outlets choose what to report. They often choose sensational items that people can easily understand, such as issues of crime and violence, a deteriorating economy, or threats to the natural environment. Issues such as taxation also get substantial and consistent coverage because they affect the pocketbooks of individual Americans.

As you review this week’s Learning Resources, pay close attention to the role of the media in public policymaking. Consider how the media acts as an outlet for the promulgation or blocking of public policy agenda items.

The Assignment 1-1.5 pages:

1. Select a public policy you are most interested in. (Gun legislation)

2. Select one media outlet that has promulgated or attempted to block the debate on the public policy issue you chose.

Resources Provided:

https://www.aim.org/

https://www.annenbergpublicpolicycenter.org/

https://www.archives.gov/founding-docs— 1st Amendment

https://www.mediamatters.org/

https://www.ted.com/#/

Laureate Education (Producer). (2014). The media and public policy [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Kelly, D. M. (2011). The public policy pedagogy of corporate and alternative news media. Studies in Philosophy and Education, 30(2), 185–198.

Chakravartty, P. (2011). Making our media: Global initiatives toward a democratic public sphere. Vol. Two: National and global movements for democratic communication. Canadian Journal of Communication, 36(1), 189–192.

Barnes, M. D., Hanson, C. L., Novilla, L. M. B., Meacham A. T., McIntyre E., & Erickson, B. C. (2008). Analysis of media agenda setting during and after Hurricane Katrina: Implications for emergency preparedness, disaster response, and disaster policy. American Journal of Public Health, 98(4), 604–610.

You Need access to this book:

McCombs, M. (2014). Setting the agenda: The mass media and public opinion (2nd ed.). Malden, MA: Polity Press.

  • Chapter 1, “Influencing Public Opinion” (pp. 1–23)
  • Chapter 2, “Reality and the News” (pp. 24–38)
  • Chapter 3, “The Pictures in Our Heads” (pp. 39–62)
  • Chapter 4, “Why Agenda-Setting Occurs” (pp.63–78)
  • Chapter 5, “How Agenda-Setting Works” (pp. 79–95)
  • Chapter 6, “Consequences of Agenda-Setting” (pp. 96–110)
  • Chapter 7, “Shaping the Media Agenda” (pp. 111–133)

 
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