Impacts of Victimization on Women

Question description


Application: Impacts of Victimization on Women

When a crime occurs, the effects are rarely temporary or isolated. Primary victims suffer immediate consequences, but they may also experience lingering physical and psychological issues related to the crime. They often participate in trials and court hearings, which can be lengthy ordeals that consume large amounts of victims’ time, energy, and resources. Victims also may have difficulty coping even after the entire process is over.

In addition to the primary victims, a crime may affect the victim’s friends, family members, and neighbors, who then become the secondary victims. A crime may have significant, long-lasting impacts on the community in which it occurs and can even make ripples on a national or international scale.

For this Assignment, you examine the case of Jaycee Dugard, who was kidnapped when she was 11 years old and held captive for 18 years before being rescued. You also consider short- and long-term impacts of the case on both primary and secondary victims. Review the case below. Also, review some of the media in the Weekly Learning Resources and/or do your own research.

Jaycee Dugard
In 1991, Jaycee Dugard, an 11-year-old girl, was kidnapped walking home from the school bus. Jaycee’s abductors, Phillip and Nancy Garrido, held the girl captive for 18 years. Jaycee was abused, both sexually and emotionally, by her captors and eventually bore two daughters by Phillip Garrido. She began to accept the life she was living and, even when opportunities presented themselves, she never tried to escape. In 2009, Phillip Garrido was investigated by law enforcement related to his parole from prison. During the investigation, Jaycee lied to law enforcement, not revealing her true identity or the fact that she had been kidnapped and abused for years. Upon further investigation, Jaycee revealed the truth and was rescued from her captors. In 2010, Phillip and Nancy Garrido were found guilty of the kidnapping and abuse of Jaycee. The State of California approved a $20 million dollar settlement for Jaycee, to compensate her for various lapses by the Corrections Department, which contributed to Dugard’s continued captivity, ongoing sexual assault, and physical abuse.

The Assignment (2–3 pages):

  • Explain potential short-term impacts of the abuse on Jaycee Dugard.
  • Explain potential long-term impacts of the abuse on Jaycee Dugard.
  • Identify any potential secondary victims, and explain potential short- and long-term impacts of the abuse on those victims.
  • Explain whether or not the compensation provided was appropriate for this crime and why.

By Day 7, submit your Assignment.

CNN Wire Staff. (2011). Kidnap victim Jaycee Dugard talks about her 18 years of terror. Retrieved from

McKinley, J., & Pogash, C. (2009). Kidnapped at 11, woman emerges after 18 years. Retrieved from

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